Introduction to Australia
The Australian Capital Territory is the location of Australia's
capital city, Canberra. Australia's other states and territories
- New South Wales
- Northern Territory
- South Australia
- Western Australia
In April 2016 Australia's population was 24 million people. The
most highly populated states are New South Wales and Victoria, with
their respective capitals Sydney and Melbourne.
Australia is the world's sixth largest country although the
majority of the population is located in the major coastal cities
and towns. Australia is one of the most urbanised and
coast-dwelling populations in the world. More than 80 per cent of
Australians live within 100 kilometres of the coast.
Northern Australia enjoys a tropical climate with warmer
temperatures throughout the year and distinct wet and dry seasons.
Southern Australia tends to be more temperate with four seasons
ranging from winter to summer. Although winter in Australia does
bring cooler weather, there are rarely sub-zero temperatures and
snowfall is extremely rare anywhere except the higher mountains of
southern New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania. Summer can also
bring extreme heat, with temperatures sometimes topping 40 degrees
For more information see the Australian Government Department of Health Doctor
Introduction to New Zealand
New Zealand is an island nation comprised of two main land
masses, the North Island and the South Island. The capital city,
Wellington, is location on the lower North Island.
For up to date population statistics, refer to Statistics New
New Zealand is an archipelago of over 700 islands. The largest
of these are the North Island (113,729 sq km) and the South Island
(150,437 sq km).
The climate in New Zealand is complex as it varies from warm
subtropical in the far north to cool temperate climates in the far
south, with severe alpine conditions in mountainous